Meet "Michael", the Supercomputer Designed to Accelerate UK Research for EV Batteries
Posted on 22/11/2018
A new supercomputer designed to speed up research on two of the UK’s most important battery research projects has been installed at University College London (UCL). The supercomputer is named Michael, after the UK’s most famous battery scientist, Michael Faraday.
Michael will flex its computing muscle to assist over 110 researchers focused on creating new models for battery systems and researching next-generation, solid-state batteries. The supercomputer offers much needed capacity to UK researchers who today are working to solve some of the thorniest problems in energy storage. The Faraday Institution, funded by UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) through the UK Government’s Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund, purchased the £1.6 million supercomputer.
UK Research and Innovation Chief Executive, Professor Sir Mark Walport, said:
“This new supercomputer will be a valuable resource for the UK’s battery researchers, providing them with the insight necessary to improve battery performance and lifetime and reduce costs.
“UK Research and Innovation recognises the importance of access to world-leading infrastructure for academia and industry, and that resources such as the Michael supercomputer are central to our mission of pushing the frontiers of human knowledge and delivering economic and societal impact.”
Business Secretary, Greg Clark said:
“The UK is a world leader in battery technology and as part of our modern Industrial Strategy, we have spent nearly a quarter of a billion pounds backing the industry through the Faraday Institution.
“Michael will be testament to proving our battery research capabilities and will help maintain the UK’s success in the electric vehicle sector, ensuring we reap the economic benefits in the global transition to a low carbon economy.”
Dr Jacqueline Edge of Imperial College London, and project lead of the Faraday Institution’s Multi-scale Modelling project, said:
“Our team is excited to have access to this new high-performance computer, fully dedicated to accelerating our battery research.
“This state-of-the-art facility will be crucial in accelerating the step-change improvements in the UK’s battery modelling capability that our project is targeting.
“Michael Faraday was one of the most impactful researchers of the UK’s past. Michael is set to be a hugely productive virtual researcher in energy storage science in the 21st century.”
Developing more accurate simulations of batteries will give researchers and their industry partners the ability to design advanced batteries without the cost of creating numerous prototypes to test every new material, or new type and configuration of the cells that make up a battery pack. Simulations also offer valuable insight into how existing materials work, enabling scientists to identify the limiting processes and develop rational strategies to overcome them. Models for control will enable battery lifetime and performance to be improved and reduce the cost of existing and future packs.
Of note to prospective owners of electric vehicles, improved computer simulations of battery performance will increase the rate at which improvements, for example, to vehicle cost, charging rates or range, are made to commercial models, accelerating the rate of mass-market adoption.
Using Michael, researchers will routinely be able to run their simulations overnight, rather than having to wait, in some cases, weeks or even months, before being able to do so. As such, Michael will accelerate the research process and shorten the timescale over which advances can be made. The first challenges to be tackled by the team include the fast-charging of batteries, low temperature operation and thermal management of cells within battery packs.
The new supercomputer will be exclusively dedicated to Faraday Institution projects. Around 85% of the available computing time initially has been allocated to researchers on the Multi-scale Modelling project, who will access the facility from UCL, Imperial College London, and five other universities in the UK.
The aim of the Faraday Institution’s battery modelling system project is to advance current computer models and develop design tools that can accurately predict the performance and lifetime of existing and future batteries. While computer models already exist from the atomic scale up to the dimensions of a battery pack, assessing processes that occur from nanoseconds to the years over which an electric vehicle operates, these models are not linked together and often lack the accuracy required for understanding the unique phenomena occurring within batteries.
Michael is being housed alongside the EPSRC Hub for Materials and Molecular Modelling (known as Thomas). While the Faraday Institution’s supercomputer will be on a separate platform, it will share the same architecture and software stack as Thomas, making it easier for researchers to move existing models and research over to the new platform.
“One of the key legacies of the Faraday Institution will be in the area of capability development,” said Neil Morris, CEO of the Faraday Institution. “Much of this initiative is focused on developing a pipeline of talent as we raise the next generation of battery scientists and engineers. But having the right facilities and infrastructure in place to enable and empower researchers is also key. Both initiatives will be pivotal in delivering our goal to make the UK the go-to place and world leader for battery technology research to ensure the country is well placed to take advantage of the future economic opportunities from this emerging technology.”